U.S. History II

A History of the United States, 1865 to Present offers a thorough exploration of American history from Reconstruction to Obama. A customized edition of Dr. David J. Trowbridge’s A History of the United States, Vol. 2 (Flat World Knowledge, 2012) forms the foundation of this webtext presenting an inclusive approach to history in a highly accessible, chronological narrative. 

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Table of Contents

1 Reconstruction
  • Race, Reunion, and the Aftermath of War
  • Aftermath of War in the South
  • Wartime Reconstruction
  • Presidential Reconstruction
  • Violence and Black Codes
  • Assignment: Rights and Wrongs of Reconstruction
  • Black Agency and Resistance
  • Congressional Reconstruction
  • Radicals and Moderates
  • Former Slaves, Former Masters, & the Former Vice President
  • The Reconstruction Amendments
  • Women and the Reconstruction Amendments
  • Impeachment and the Election of 1868
  • Challenges of Reconstruction
  • Confronting the Klan
  • Sharecropping
  • Schools and Business Promotion
  • Corruption and Division in Politics
  • Reconstruction Reversed
  • The Panic of 1873
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875
  • Redeemers
  • Compromise of 1877
2 Western Expansion, the New South, & Industrial America
  • Native Americans and the Trans-Mississippi West
  • Native Life on the Plains
  • The Reservation System
  • Encroachment and Resistance
  • Assignment: Custer’s Lasting Legacy
  • The Dawes Act and Assimilation
  • Winning and Losing the West
  • Homesteaders and Railroads
  • Cattle Drives to Ranching
  • Mining, Manufacturing, and Diversity in the West
  • Women’s Suffrage
  • Exodus: The Last Pioneers
  • Growth of Industrial America and the New South
  • Trade and Finance
  • Titans of Industry
  • The New South
  • Immigration, Race, and Ethnicity
  • Challenging the Gilded Age
  • National Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Readjusters and Reformers
  • The Rise of Organized Labor
  • The “New Departure” in Women’s Suffrage
3 Populism and Imperialism
  • Urban American and Popular Culture
  • The Growth of the City
  • Vice and the Growth of Urban Reform
  • Mail-Order Houses and Marketing
  • Rise of Professional and College Sports
  • Popular Culture
  • National Politics and the Populist Party
  • Legislative Reforms
  • The Subtreasury Plan and Free Silver
  • The Rise of the Populists
  • Race and Southern Populism
  • The Panic of 1893 and Labor Activism
  • The Decline of the Populists
  • Immigration, Ethnicity, and the “Nadir of Race Relations”
  • The “New” Immigrants
  • Race, Ethnicity, and Disfranchisement
  • Lynching and the Campaign for Legal Justice
  • Creating and Confronting Jim Crow
  • Imperialism at Home and Abroad
  • Oklahoma and South Dakota
  • Cultural Imperialism and Native America
  • Annexation of Hawaii
  • Assignment: From Bayonet Constitution to Shotgun Wedding
  • Spanish-American War in Cuba
  • Spanish-American War in the Pacific
  • Democracy and Trade
4 From Populism to the Progressive Era
  • National Politics during the Progressive Era
  • The Rise of Teddy Roosevelt and Federal Power
  • Business and Politics in the Progressive Era
  • The West and Conservationism
  • Progressivism and President Taft
  • The Election of 1912
  • Foreign Policy
  • The Progressives
  • Muckrakers
  • Prohibition and the Social Gospel Movement
  • Education and Child Labor
  • Efficiency in Business and Government
  • Radicalism and the Limits of Egalitarian Reform
  • Women’s Rights and Birth Control
  • Civil Rights in the Progressive Era
  • Asian and Mexican Immigration
  • Jewish and Central European Immigration
  • Assignment: Yearning to Breathe Free
  • Life in “Modern America”
  • Sports and Entertainment
  • The Cult of Masculinity
  • The Limits of Progressivism
  • Socialism and Radical Unionism
5 The Late Progressive Era and World War
  • The Wilson Administration and the Coming War
  • Business, Banking, and National Politics
  • Labor and the Mine Wars
  • Birth of the NAACP and Birth of a Nation
  • Assignment: Dark Times, Bold Dreams
  • The Great War and America
  • Race, Revolution, and War in the American Southwest
  • Origin of the Great War
  • The Great War and America
  • The War in Europe and the Russian Revolution
  • From Neutrality to War
  • Creating an Army
  • Government, Industry, and Military Production
  • Women and the War
  • Over There: America and the End of the War
  • Armistice and Aftermath
  • Demobilization and the Treaty of Versailles
  • The Final Triumph of Women’s Suffrage
  • Assignment: Till We Have Suffrage
  • Race and Ethnicity
  • Dissent and Disloyalty
6 Roaring '20s to the Great Depression
  • Prosperity and Its Limits
  • A Pro-Business Orientation and Scandals in Washington
  • Prohibition and Enforcement
  • Technology and Innovation
  • Labor and the Limits of Prosperity
  • Culture of Consumption and Popular Entertainment
  • Immigration and Closing the Golden Door
  • The Second Klan
  • Quotas and Unwelcome Americans
  • Nativism and National Security
  • Election of 1924
  • Popular Culture and a Renaissance in Harlem
  • A More Secular Culture
  • Assignment: Thoroughly Modern Marketing
  • Culture War and the Scopes Trial
  • Pan-Africanism and Marcus Garvey
  • The Harlem Renaissance
  • The New Woman of the 1920s
  • The Crash: From Decadence to Depression
  • The Election of 1928 and the Stock Market Crash
  • Hoover’s Response
  • Election of 1932
7 The New Deal and Origins of World War II
  • The First New Deal, 1933–1935
  • The Banking Crisis
  • The First Hundred Days
  • Industry and Labor
  • The New Deal in the South and West
  • Diplomacy and the Good Neighbor Policy
  • Last Hired, First Fired: Women and Minorities in the Great Depression
  • Women and the New Deal
  • A New Deal for Black America?
  • Latinos and Asian Americans
  • Native Americans
  • The Second New Deal and Its Opponents, 1935–1939
  • The Second New Deal
  • Assignment: Dealing with the New Deal
  • Dissidents and Demagogues
  • Court-Packing Scheme and Reverses of 1937
  • From New Deal to Wartime Economy
  • America’s Entry into World War II
  • Appeasement and the Fall of Poland
  • The Fall of France
  • The Battle of Britain
  • The Eastern Front
  • German Aggression and the American Response
  • Japanese Aggression and the American Response
8 America and World War II
  • Pearl Harbor and the Arsenal of Democracy
  • Pearl Harbor
  • Becoming the Arsenal of Democracy
  • Financing and Selling the War
  • Industry and Organized Labor
  • Creating an Army
  • Double V: Freedom Abroad, Freedom at Home
  • Women in the Military
  • Japanese American Internment and Military Service
  • Native Americans
  • Hispanic Americans
  • African Americans and World War II
  • Assignment: Fighting for Freedom
  • Jewish Americans and the Holocaust
  • From D-Day to Victory
  • Stalingrad and the Eastern Front
  • Bataan to the Battle of Midway
  • North Africa to D-Day
  • D-Day to Victory in Europe
  • War Without Mercy in Asia
  • Assignment: The Destroyer of Worlds
9 The Cold War at Home and Abroad
  • Postwar Europe, Asia, and the Middle East
  • Postwar Diplomacy and Reconstruction of Europe
  • Assignment: Classified: The Beginning of the Cold War
  • The United Nations
  • American-Soviet Conflict
  • Marshall Plan and Berlin Airlift
  • Assignment: Classified: The Marshall Plan
  • NATO, the Warsaw Pact, and Communist China
  • The Middle East
  • Postwar America
  • Demobilization
  • Truman and the Fair Deal
  • Economic Growth and Labor
  • Housing and the Suburbs
  • Gender and the Baby Boom
  • Popular Culture in Postwar America
  • Red Scares, Lavender Scares, and the Quest for Equality
  • The Nuclear Age
  • The Second Red Scare
  • The Lavender Scare
  • School Segregation
  • Containment and the Korean “Conflict”
  • Origins of the Korean War
  • Invasion to Stalemate
  • Stalemate to Armistice
  • Eisenhower and the Election of 1952
10 The Cold War and the Affluent Society
  • The Global Cold War during the Eisenhower Administration
  • Decolonization and Developing Nations
  • Castro and the Cuban Revolution
  • The Middle East
  • Vietnam
  • Cold War Europe
  • Assignment: The Kitchen Debate
  • The Space Race and Nuclear Strategy
  • America during the Eisenhower Years
  • The End of McCarthyism
  • Government and Labor
  • New Americans and Native Americans
  • Brown v. Board and School Integration
  • Violent Resistance in the Deep South
  • Emergence of Grassroots Activism
  • America and the World during the Kennedy Years
  • The 1960 Election
  • The New Frontier
  • Students and Civil Rights
  • Albany and Birmingham
  • Bay of Pigs and Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Assignment: Classified: The Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Global Containment in Africa, West Germany, and Vietnam
  • Chinese-Soviet Split
11 Vietnam and Civil Disobedience
  • From New Frontier to Great Society
  • The Assassination of John F. Kennedy
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Assignment: No Law at All
  • The 1964 Election
  • Massive Resistance and School Integration
  • Women, Labor, and Second Wave Feminism
  • The Great Society and the Vietnam War
  • Poverty in a Land of Plenty
  • The Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • The Great Society and Its Limits
  • Gulf of Tonkin and Escalation in Vietnam
  • Combat in Vietnam
  • Civil Rights and Social Justice
  • Race and the Urban North
  • Black Power and Black Panthers
  • SDS and the New Left
  • Feminism and Civil Rights
  • Civil Rights Beyond Black and White
  • Unrest and Upheaval
  • Tet Offensive and Vietnam
  • Assignment: Eavesdropping on the Oval Office: Vietnam
  • King’s Assassination and the Poor People’s Campaign
  • The Election of 1968
  • Nixon and a Divided Nation
12 A Nation in Flux
  • Vietnam to Watergate
  • Escalation and Protest
  • American Withdrawal and the Fall of Saigon
  • Lessons and Legacies of Vietnam
  • Watergate
  • Assignment: Eavesdropping on the Oval Office: Watergate
  • Resignation and Aftermath
  • Détente, Decline, and Domestic Politics
  • The Energy Crisis
  • The Cold War and Détente
  • Cities and the Environment
  • Economy and Government
  • Feminism and Reproductive Rights
  • Equality and Liberation in the New America
  • New Challenges for School Integration
  • Affirmative Action and Electoral Realignment
  • The American Indian Movement
  • The Chicano Movement
  • The Gay Rights Movement
  • The Middle East and Malaise: America in the Late 1970s
  • The Economy and the Crisis of Confidence
  • The Equal Rights Amendment
  • Foreign Policy
  • Assignment: Which Way the Wind Blew
13 The Reagan and Bush Years
  • Conservatism and the Reagan Revolution
  • The New Right
  • The Election of 1980
  • Women and the New Right
  • Reaganomics and its Critics
  • Wall Street and the S&L Bailout
  • The End of the Cold War
  • The Middle East and Afghanistan
  • Assignment: Classified: The Soviet War in Afghanistan
  • Latin America and the Iran-Contra Affair
  • The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe
  • Africa and Apartheid
  • American Life in the 1980s
  • Technology and Globalization
  • Wealth, Poverty, and the War on Drugs
  • Gay Rights and AIDS
  • Assignment: Changing Minds, Saving Lives
  • Race and the 1980s
  • Immigration and Hispanic Rights
  • The Presidency of George H.W. Bush
  • The Election of 1988 and Domestic Affairs
  • Berliners Tear Down the Wall
  • The Soviet Union and Panama
  • Desert Shield and Desert Storm
  • The Election of 1992
14 America in Our Time
  • America during the Clinton Administration
  • Domestic Politics in Clinton’s First Two Years
  • The Contract with America
  • The Budget Crisis and the 1996 Election
  • Domestic Affairs in Clinton’s Second Term
  • Violence at Home and Abroad
  • Free Trade, Globalization, and the Environment
  • America during the George W. Bush Administration
  • The 2000 Election and Aftermath
  • September 11, 2001
  • War in Iraq and Afghanistan
  • The 2004 Election
  • Bush’s Second Term
  • Diversity in the New America
  • Multiculturalism
  • Immigration and Latino Rights
  • Gender Equality and Third-Wave Feminism
  • Race, Equality, and Law
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered (GLBT) Rights
  • Continuity and Change: The Transition from Bush to Obama
  • The Pervasiveness of Inequality
  • The Economy
  • The 2008 Election
  • Assignment: A Historic Day
  • Polarization and the Obama Presidency