U.S. History I

Exploring American Histories, to 1877 offers a thorough exploration of American history. A customized version of a best-selling text forms the foundation of this narrative approach to U.S. history, incorporating assignments on how to do history and guiding students through the analysis of primary and secondary sources.

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Table of Contents

1 Mapping Global Frontiers
  • Native Peoples in the Americas
  • The Aztecs, the Maya, and the Incas
  • Native Cultures to the North
  • Europe Expands Its Reach
  • Portugal Pursues Long-Distance Trade
  • European Encounters with West Africa
  • Worlds Collide
  • Europeans Explore the Americas
  • Mapmaking and Printing
  • The Columbian Exchange
  • Assignment: How-To History
  • Europeans Make Claims to North America
  • Spanish Adventurers Head North
  • Europeans Compete in North America
  • Spain Sees Dominion in the Americas
  • Conclusion: A New America
2 Colonization and Conflicts
  • Religious and Imperial Transformations
  • Spain’s Global Empire Declines
  • France Enters the Race for Empires
  • The Dutch Expand into North America
  • The English Seek an Empire
  • Tobacco Fuels Growth in Virginia
  • Expansion, Rebellion, and the Emergence of Slavery
  • The English Compete for West Indies Possessions
  • Pilgrims and Puritans Settle New England
  • The Puritan Migration
  • The Puritan Worldview
  • Dissenters Challenge Puritan Authority
  • Wars in Old and New England
  • Conclusion: European Empires in North America
3 Global Changes Reshape Colonial America
  • Europeans Expand Their Claims
  • France Seeks Lands and Control
  • The Pueblo Revolt and Spain’s Fragile Empire
  • European Wars and American Consequences
  • Indians Resist European Encroachment
  • Global Conflicts on the Southern Frontier
  • The Benefits and Costs of Empire
  • Imperial Policies Focus on Profits
  • The Atlantic Slave Trade
  • Seaport Cities and Consumer Cultures
  • Labor in North America
  • Coping with Economic Distress
  • Rural Americans Face Changing Conditions
  • Slavery Takes Hold in the South
  • Africans Resist Their Enslavement
  • Conclusion: Changing Fortunes in British North America
4 Religious Strife and Social Upheavals
  • An Ungodly Society?
  • Cries of Witchcraft
  • Family and Household Dynamics
  • Working Families
  • Reproduction and Women’s Roles
  • The Limits of Patriarchal Order
  • Diversity and Competition in Colonial Society
  • Increasing Diversity
  • Expansion and Conflict
  • Assignment: Developing Diverse Colonial Cultures
  • Religious Awakenings
  • An Outburst of Revivals
  • Religious Dissension
  • Political Awakenings
  • Dissent and Protest
  • Transforming Urban Politics
  • Conclusion: A Divided Society
5 Wars and Empires
  • A War for Empire, 1756-1763
  • A Shift to Global War
  • The Costs of Victory
  • Battles and Boundaries on the Frontier
  • Conflicts over Land and Labor Escalate
  • Postwar British Policies and Colonial Unity
  • Forging Ties across the Colonies
  • Great Britain Seeks Greater Control
  • Resistance to Britain Intensifies
  • The Townshend Act and the Boston Massacre
  • Continuing Conflicts at Home
  • Tea and Widening Resistance
  • The Continental Congress and Colonial Unity
  • Conclusion: Liberty Within Empire
6 Revolutions
  • The Questions of Independence
  • Building a Continental Army
  • Reasons for Caution and for Action
  • Declaring Independence
  • Choosing Sides
  • Assignment: Spycraft
  • Choosing Neutrality
  • Committing to Independence
  • Fighting for Independence
  • Patriots Prevail in New Jersey
  • A Critical Year of Warfare
  • Patriots Gain Critical Assistance
  • Surviving on the Home Front
  • Governing in Revolutionary Times
  • Patriots Divide over Slavery
  • France Allies with the Patriots
  • Raising Armies and Funds
  • Indian Affairs and Land Claims
  • Winning the War and the Peace
  • War Rages in the South
  • An Uncertain Peace
  • A Surprising Victory
  • Conclusion: Legacies of the Revolution
7 Political Cultures
  • Postwar Problems
  • Indians, Land, and the Northwest Ordinance
  • Depression and Debt
  • On the Political Margins
  • African Americans Struggle for Rights
  • Women Seek Wider Roles
  • Indebted Farmers Fuel Political Crises
  • Reframing the American Government
  • Americans Battle over Ratification
  • Assignment: Rebellion to Ratification
  • Organizing the Federal Government
  • Hamilton Forges an Economic Agenda
  • Years of Crisis, 1792-1796
  • The Whiskey Rebellion
  • Further Conflicts on the Frontier
  • The First Party System
  • The Election of 1800
  • Conclusion: A Young Nation Comes of Age
8 New Frontiers
  • Creating an American Identity
  • Literary and Cultural Developments
  • The Racial Limits of American Culture
  • Emigration and Colonization
  • Building a National Capital
  • Extending U.S. Borders
  • Incorporating the Louisiana Territory
  • The Supreme Court Extends Its Reach
  • Democratic-Republicans Expand Federal Powers
  • Remaking the U.S. Economy
  • Technology Reshapes Agriculture and Industry
  • Transforming Household Production
  • Technology, Cotton, and Slaves
  • Conclusion: New Frontiers and New Challenges.
9 Defending and Redefining the Nation
  • Conflicts at Home and Abroad
  • War Erupts with Britain
  • Expanding the Economy and the Nation
  • Americans Expand the Nation’s Borders
  • Regional Economic Development
  • Economic and Political Crises
  • Redefining American Democracy
  • Racial Restrictions and Antiblack Violence
  • Political Realignments
  • The Presidential Election of 1828
  • Jacksonian Democracy in Action
  • Confrontations over Tariffs and the Bank
  • Contesting Indian Removal
  • Assignment: Leaving the Land
  • Conclusion: The Nation Faces New Challenges
10 Slavery Expands South and West
  • Planters Expand the Slave System
  • Urban Life in the Slave South
  • The Consequences of Slavery’s Expansion
  • Slave Society and Culture
  • Developing an African American Culture
  • Resistance and Rebellion
  • Planters Tighten Control
  • White Southerners without Slaves
  • Planters Seek to Unify Southern Whites
  • Democrats Face Political and Economic Crises
  • The Battle for Texas
  • Van Buren and the Panic of 1837
  • The Whigs Win the White House
  • The National Government Looks to the West
  • Assignment: Go West, Young Man!
  • Pursuing War with Mexico
  • Debates over Slavery Intensify
  • Conclusion: Geographical Expansion and Political Division
11 Social and Cultural Ferment in the North
  • The Growth of Cities
  • The Roots of Urban Disorder
  • The New Middle Class
  • The Rise of Industry
  • Deskilling and the Response of Working Men
  • The Panic of 1837 in the North
  • Rising Class and Cultural Tensions
  • Saving the Nation from Sin
  • New Spirits Rising
  • Transcendentalism
  • Organizing for Change
  • The Temperance Movement
  • Utopian Communities
  • Abolitionism Expands and Divides
  • Abolition Gains Ground and Enemies
  • Abolitionism and Women’s Rights
  • The Rise of Antislavery Parties
  • Conclusion: From the North to the Nation
12 Imperial Ambitions and Sectional Crises
  • Claiming the West
  • The Gold Rush
  • A Crowded Land
  • Expansion and the Politics of Slavery
  • The Fugitive Slave Act Inspires Northern Protest
  • Assignment: Finding Freedom Underground
  • Pierce Encourages U.S. Expansion
  • Sectional Crises Intensify
  • The Kansas-Nebraska Act Stirs Dissent
  • Bleeding Kansas and the Election of 1856
  • The Decision
  • From Sectional Crisis to War
  • The Election of 1860
  • The Lower South Secedes
  • Conclusion: The Coming of the Civil War
13 Civil War
  • The Nation Goes to War
  • Both Sides Prepare for War
  • Fighting for Union or Against Slavery?
  • Fighting for the Right to Fight
  • Union Politicians Consider Emancipation
  • War Transforms the North and the South
  • Assignment: Letters from Home
  • The Northern Economy Booms
  • Urbanization and Industrialization in the South
  • Women Aid the War Effort
  • Dissent and Protest in the Midst of War
  • The Tide of War Turns
  • African Americans Contribute to Victory
  • The Final Battles and the Promise of Peace
  • Conclusion: An Uncertain Future
14 Emancipations and Reconstructions
  • Prelude to Reconstruction
  • Reuniting Families Torn Apart by Slavery
  • Free to Learn
  • Black Churches Take a Leadership Role
  • National Reconstructions
  • Andrew Johnson and Presidential Reconstruction
  • Assignment: Rights and Wrongs of Reconstruction
  • Johnson and Congressional Resistance
  • Congressional Reconstruction
  • The Struggle for Universal Suffrage
  • Remaking the South
  • Black Political Participation and Economic Opportunities
  • White Resistance to Congressional Reconstruction
  • The Unmaking of Reconstruction
  • Congressional and Judicial Retreat
  • The Presidential Compromise of 1876
  • Conclusion: The Legacies of Reconstruction